All about Melasma Treatment
Splotches, irregular skin colouring, and dark blotches with uneven borders - discolouration of the skin, known as melasma, is a common affliction of many women around the world. Though it can sometimes be mistaken for a suntan, it is definitely not a desirable condition because of its ability to negatively affect an otherwise even facial complexion.
What is Melasma?
Melasma is a common form of hyperpigmentation distinguishable by its appearance as blotches of dark colouring on the skin. These blotches do not have a uniform shape or a regular border. Though the typical colour of melasma tends to be from light to dark brown, it can also be a shade of grey. Whatever the colour, it is always a different shade than the surrounding normal skin colour.
Though melasma does not pose any serious health risks, many afflicted find it to be annoying and embarrassing because in most cases, it cannot be easily covered by makeup.
But there's no need to cake on that foundation and concealer anymore. There is an effective treatments for melasma and hyperpigmentation at Toronto Cosmetic Clinic.
Melasma & Chloasma Treatment with the MedLite® C6 laser
Working at a wavelength of 532nm, the MedLite® C6 laser is one of the most effective systems for the treatment of melasma, chloasma and hyperpigmentation. Even pigmented lesions such as age spots, some birthmarks, and freckles can be treated.
The unwanted skin discolouration is targeted by an intense laser beam, which is absorbed by the excess melanin, or skin pigment, of the melasma or pigmented lesion. This helps to break up the excess pigmentation into particles, effectively destroying the discolouration. As a result, all traces of unusual pigment are removed, leaving only a uniform skin tone. No negative effect to the desirable pigmentation of the surrounding area occurs.
In fact, most patients experience improvement after just a single session of melasma treatment!
If the laser is used on normal skin, it may result in some extent of whitening. This whitening is not considered permanent, as the body will naturally replace the lost melanin over time.
Before undergoing treatment for melasma and hyperpigmentation, a complimentary consultation is required to assess the type of skin discolouration you may have. Our knowledgeable patient consultant will examine the discolouration, discuss your goals and expectations from undergoing the treatment, as well as determine whether it can be effectively treated with fractional and photorejuvenation.
Where does Melasma appear?
Melasma appears on the face, in the areas where the skin is most often exposed to the sun. These include the forehead, cheeks, chin/jawline, nose and upper lips. It does have a symmetrical appearance when spread across the cheeks, forehead or nose. Most instances of melasma occur in women over the age of 20.
All shades of skin can be afflicted, but generally, the condition is more prominent in women of darker skin tones. It is not uncommon for women of lighter skin to have melasma that is, fortunately, barely noticeable.
While melasma is most common in females, some men of darker skin can also be afflicted.
In some cases, melasma is referred to as chloasma. Chloasma is a form of melasma that appears during pregnancy and may disappear after childbirth or last longer. As a result, chloasma is also known as the "mask of pregnancy".
Causes of Melasma and Chloasma Though the cause is wholly unknown, the appearance of melasma and chloasma is believed to be due to an excess of melanin production in the skin. This excess production can be a result of several factors, most specifically hormones (i.e. estrogen and progesterone), genetics, malnutrition, sun exposure, and certain medications. Because sun exposure worsens the condition, it is highly recommended that those who are unhappy with this skin discolouration protect the afflicted areas with a good sunblock.
Strangely, in several cases, chloasma or melasma may disappear after a while (i.e. in a few months).
Liver spots are concentrations of melanin in the skin which can be removed by specific laser treatments. They are small and darker coloured than the rest of the skin and most often appear in areas where the skin is frequently exposed by the sun: the face, shoulders, and back of the hands.
Are liver spots, also known as age spots, caused by some malfunction of the liver? Are they an indication of a weak liver? Let’s dispel that old wives’ tale.
The answer is no.
Liver spots are not related to the health of your liver. They are caused by other factors such as aging, sun exposure and hormonal imbalances. Why do we call them liver spots, then? Well, doctors used to believe they were because of some malfunction of the liver, but this has since been proven to be untrue.